Birth Control Options After Delivery
After delivery, ovulation can occur within a few weeks so it is important to think about what birth control options to use to prevent pregnancy. Closely spaced pregnancies can have higher risk of complications, as the body needs 6-12 months to recover after delivery.
Exclusive breastfeeding (when your baby receives NO FORMULA) is effective for preventing pregnancy for the first 3 months, but once your baby begins to take in formula, eat solid foods or decrease the amount he/she nurses, ovulation can resume.
If you are breastfeeding, birth control options are limited to options without estrogen, as this hormone can often decrease the milk supply. This includes:
- Mini-pill (progesterone only)
- Depo-provera injection
- IUD – Mirena (progesterone) or Paragard (copper, non-hormonal)
If you are not breastfeeding, use of hormonal birth control (with estrogen) should be delayed until about 4 weeks postpartum to minimize the risk of blood clots.